Next Article in Journal
Bibliometric Review of the Knowledge Base on Healthcare Management for Sustainability, 1994–2018
Next Article in Special Issue
Wild Bee Conservation within Urban Gardens and Nurseries: Effects of Local and Landscape Management
Previous Article in Journal
Big Data Analytics in Government: Improving Decision Making for R&D Investment in Korean SMEs
Previous Article in Special Issue
The ‘GartenApp’: Assessing and Communicating the Ecological Potential of Private Gardens
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Urbanization on Vegetation in Riparian Area: Plant Communities in Artificial and Semi-Natural Habitats

Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 4648601, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 204;
Received: 28 October 2019 / Revised: 4 December 2019 / Accepted: 22 December 2019 / Published: 25 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Urban Development)
Riparian areas are local hot spots of biodiversity that are vulnerable and easily degraded. Comparing plant communities in habitats with different degrees of urbanization may provide valuable information for the management and restoration of these vulnerable habitats. In this study, we explored the impact of urbanization on vegetation communities between artificial and semi-natural habitats within two rivers with different levels of development. We compared species richness, types of vegetation, and composition patterns of the plants in our study. In artificial habitats, the sites with relatively high levels of urbanization had the highest species richness, while in semi-natural habitats, the highest species richness was recorded in the less urbanized sites. Furthermore, every component of urbanization that contributed to the variation of species richness was examined in the current study. In artificial habitats, the proportion of impervious surface was the strongest predictor of the variation in species richness and was associated with the richness of alien, native, and riparian species. In semi-natural habitats, most of the richness of alien and native species were associated with the distance to the city center, and the number of riparian and ruderal species was significantly related to the proportion of impervious surface. Moreover, we found that a high level of urbanization was always associated with a large abundance of alien and ruderal species in both artificial and in semi-natural habitats. We recommend the methods of pair comparison of multiple rivers to analyze the impact of urbanization on plant species in riparian areas and have suggested various management actions for maintaining biodiversity and sustainability in riparian ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: riparian area; urban ecology; urbanization; species richness; alien species riparian area; urban ecology; urbanization; species richness; alien species
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, Y.; Natuhara, Y. Effect of Urbanization on Vegetation in Riparian Area: Plant Communities in Artificial and Semi-Natural Habitats. Sustainability 2020, 12, 204.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop