Next Article in Journal
Equity in Access to Outdoor Recreation—Informing a Sustainable Future
Previous Article in Journal
An Improved Power Management Strategy for MAS-Based Distributed Control of DC Microgrid under Communication Network Problems
Article

A National Study on Transportation Affordability of HUD Housing Assistance Programs

by 1,* and 2
1
College of Architecture, Planning and Public Affairs, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
2
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010123
Received: 10 October 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 22 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
This national study is an effort to measure transportation costs and affordability for the major Housing and Urban Development (HUD) housing assistance programs since the transportation costs are the second largest expense of American households. This study estimates transportation costs for 76,000 address level properties from seven major HUD-designated affordable housing programs. Our transportation cost models are tailored for low-income households and account for built environmental determinants of travel, known as D variables, at the disaggregated level. We found that more than 44% of these properties in 326 U.S. metropolitan areas are unaffordable in terms of transportation costs. That could result in a waste of over $37.9 billion HUD spends annually to run these programs and subsidize housing for low-income families while some of these families spend substantial amount of their income on transportation. Our findings suggest that the provision of subsidized housing in mixed use, and transit-served neighborhoods would help low-income households to reduce their transportation costs even in auto-oriented sprawling regions. This study concludes with policy recommendations to local and federal governments and transit agencies on ways to incorporate transportation parameters to ensure true affordability for low-income residents of subsidized housing. View Full-Text
Keywords: accessibility; transportation affordability; transportation costs; location efficiency; HUD assistance programs; d-variables accessibility; transportation affordability; transportation costs; location efficiency; HUD assistance programs; d-variables
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jahan, J.; Hamidi, S. A National Study on Transportation Affordability of HUD Housing Assistance Programs. Sustainability 2020, 12, 123. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010123

AMA Style

Jahan J, Hamidi S. A National Study on Transportation Affordability of HUD Housing Assistance Programs. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):123. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010123

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jahan, Jinat, and Shima Hamidi. 2020. "A National Study on Transportation Affordability of HUD Housing Assistance Programs" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 123. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010123

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop