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Open AccessArticle

Community-Based Tourism in Developing Countries: A Framework for Policy Evaluation

Department of Civil and Environmental, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla 080002, Colombia
Department of Forest Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
School of Law, Sergio Arboleda University, Santa Marta 470004, Colombia
Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(9), 2506;
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 19 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism, Governance and Sustainable Development)
Many developing countries have recognized the potential of their natural resources for the development of tourism. However, the policies designed to provide a framework for socially inclusive and ecologically sound tourism turn out to be weak in fostering community-based tourism (CBT). There is a spectrum of conditions that lead to success or failure of CBT initiatives that should be accounted for by national policies to ensure meaningful community engagement. This paper proposes a framework for the evaluation of tourism policy documents based on factors that facilitate and constrain CBT in developing countries. The framework was applied to seven tourism policy documents in Colombia using a content analysis approach. The results showed that the policies are weak in providing a base for community engagement in CBT. International experiences indicate that the barriers to CBT are similar throughout the world; thus, the framework is useful in the evaluation of policy documents in other developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-based tourism; policy; Colombia; participation community-based tourism; policy; Colombia; participation
MDPI and ACS Style

Yanes, A.; Zielinski, S.; Diaz Cano, M.; Kim, S.-I. Community-Based Tourism in Developing Countries: A Framework for Policy Evaluation. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2506.

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