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Measuring Social Sustainability with the Developed MCSA Model: Güzelyurt Case

Department of Architecture, European University of Lefke, 99728 Lefke, Northern Cyprus, TR- 10 Mersin, Turkey
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Sustainability 2019, 11(9), 2503; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092503
Received: 3 March 2019 / Revised: 12 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
The aim of the study is to develop a sample scale to measure social sustainability in an urban context. Social sustainability is an important component of sustainable development and it gained importance in the 1990s with awareness of the rising welfare of the society. The definitions, criteria, and the measurement system of social sustainability are still vague. In this context, this article bridges the gap in measuring social sustainability in an urban context and it proposes a model called Measurement of the City from Social Aspects (MCSA). The developed model was applied to the city of Güzelyurt, which has continuously experienced immigration from past to present. Quantitative research method was used in the research and the data was collected through interviews and a questionnaire survey, conducted with 400 local residents. The proposed model was tested in terms of model fit using confirmatory factor analysis. Also, the construct validity and discriminant validity of the model were tested. Research results indicate that the developed MCSA model works and it is suitable to be applied to other cities for measuring their social sustainability. Thus, the problems in the social aspects of the cities could be revealed and solutions could be generated to ensure the social sustainability of the cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: social sustainability; sense of belonging; social capital; voice and influence; perceived environment; social interactions; quality of space; Güzelyurt social sustainability; sense of belonging; social capital; voice and influence; perceived environment; social interactions; quality of space; Güzelyurt
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Doğu, F.U.; Aras, L. Measuring Social Sustainability with the Developed MCSA Model: Güzelyurt Case. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2503.

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