Next Article in Journal
An Exploration of Initial Purchase Price Dispersion and Service-Subscription Duration
Previous Article in Journal
Collaboration with External Organizations and Technological Innovations: Evidence from Spanish Manufacturing Firms
Previous Article in Special Issue
Engaging the Private Homeowner: Linking Climate Change and Green Stormwater Infrastructure
 
 
Article

Evaluating the Cooling Potential of Urban Green Spaces to Tackle Urban Climate Change in Lisbon

Universidade de Lisboa, Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning (IGOT), Centre of Geographical Studies, Rua Branca Edmée Marques, Cidade Universitária, 1600-276 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(9), 2480; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092480
Received: 10 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 27 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Green Infrastructure and Climate Adaptation)
The increase and optimization of urban vegetation has been considered an effective mitigation measure of an urban heat island (UHI), with positive effects on human thermal comfort. In this study, the cooling potential of all green spaces in Lisbon was estimated. For that, several mobile measurements of air temperature data were made in a single park (Gulbenkian’s Garden). These measurements were used for the interpolation of air temperature. Furthermore, urban biomass was estimated using remote sensing products, namely Landsat satellite images. Ultimately, a linear regression model was built from the relation between vegetation density and air temperature. Results regarding the estimation of biomass (AGB) in the city of Lisbon were higher in winter than in summer. The urban green spaces cooling potential model showed that for every decrease of 1 °C in air temperature between a measuring point and a reference station we need to increase the area covered by vegetation by 50 m2 (planar measure). This methodology can be applied in other urban areas for the quantification of the cooling effect provided by vegetation in order to improve urban climate thermal conditions and human well-being and, consequently, to mitigate some consequences of future climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: Urban Heat Island (UHI); Cooling Park Effect; vegetation cooling potential; Above Ground Biomass (AGB); Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI); Lisbon Urban Heat Island (UHI); Cooling Park Effect; vegetation cooling potential; Above Ground Biomass (AGB); Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI); Lisbon
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Reis, C.; Lopes, A. Evaluating the Cooling Potential of Urban Green Spaces to Tackle Urban Climate Change in Lisbon. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2480. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092480

AMA Style

Reis C, Lopes A. Evaluating the Cooling Potential of Urban Green Spaces to Tackle Urban Climate Change in Lisbon. Sustainability. 2019; 11(9):2480. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092480

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reis, Cláudia, and António Lopes. 2019. "Evaluating the Cooling Potential of Urban Green Spaces to Tackle Urban Climate Change in Lisbon" Sustainability 11, no. 9: 2480. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092480

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop