Transformation of Biomass Waste into Sustainable Organic Fertilizers
AbstractThe management of solid waste presents a challenge for developing countries as the
generation of waste is increasing at a rapid and alarming rate. Much awareness towards the
sustainability and technological advances for solid waste management has been implemented to
reduce the generation of unnecessary waste. The recycling of this waste is being applied to produce
valuable organic matter, which can be used as fertilizers or amendments to improve the soil structure.
This review studies the sustainable transformation of various types of biomass waste such as animal
manure, sewage sludge, municipal solid waste, and food waste, into organic fertilizers and their
impact on waste minimization and agricultural enhancement. The side effects of these organic
fertilizers towards the soil are evaluated as the characteristics of these fertilizers will differ depending
on the types of waste used, in addition to the varying chemical composition of the organic fertilizers.
This work will provide an insight to the potential management of biomass waste to be produced into
organic fertilizer and the advantages of substituting chemical fertilizer with organic fertilizer derived
from the biomass waste.
Share & Cite This Article
Chew, K.W.; Chia, S.R.; Yen, H.-W.; Nomanbhay, S.; Ho, Y.-C.; Show, P.L. Transformation of Biomass Waste into Sustainable Organic Fertilizers. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2266.
Chew KW, Chia SR, Yen H-W, Nomanbhay S, Ho Y-C, Show PL. Transformation of Biomass Waste into Sustainable Organic Fertilizers. Sustainability. 2019; 11(8):2266.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chew, Kit Wayne; Chia, Shir Reen; Yen, Hong-Wei; Nomanbhay, Saifuddin; Ho, Yeek-Chia; Show, Pau Loke. 2019. "Transformation of Biomass Waste into Sustainable Organic Fertilizers." Sustainability 11, no. 8: 2266.
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