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Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2260; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082260

Spatial Monitoring of Urban Expansion Using Satellite Remote Sensing Images: A Case Study of Amman City, Jordan

Geography Department, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 10 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 15 April 2019
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Abstract

Amman, the capital city of Jordan, faces urbanization challenges and lacks reliable data for urban planning. This study is aimed at assessing, monitoring, and mapping urban land cover using multitemporal Landsat satellite images. Four different land use/cover maps were produced; periods of over ten years between 1987 and 2017 (i.e., in 1987, 1997, 2007, and 2017) were used to evaluate and analyze urban expansion visually and quantitatively. Supervised classification technique followed by the post classification comparison change detection approach was used to analyze images. Over the past three decades, the urban area has increased rapidly in Amman. It increased by 90.78 km2, from 149.08 km2 in 1987 to 237.86 km2 in 2017, with an average annual rate of increase of 2.03%. Urban area increases were significantly higher in the first 10 years of the study period (i.e., from 1987 to 1997), during which the average annual rate of increase reached 3.33%, while it was 2.04% for the last two decades of the study period (i.e., from 1997 to 2017). Urban growth in Amman generally occurred along transport routes away from the core of Amman, and as a result, this growth led to the expansion of urban areas into other types of land use/cover classes, particularly vegetation areas. The spatial analysis of urban expansion and trends of urban growth in Amman could provide the required input data for the urban modeling of the city. View Full-Text
Keywords: Amman; urban expansion; Landsat; remote sensing; Jordan Amman; urban expansion; Landsat; remote sensing; Jordan
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Al-Bilbisi, H. Spatial Monitoring of Urban Expansion Using Satellite Remote Sensing Images: A Case Study of Amman City, Jordan. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2260.

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