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Article

Governance Challenges in Addressing Climatic Concerns in Coastal Asia and Africa

Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
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Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 2148; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072148
Received: 24 December 2018 / Revised: 27 February 2019 / Accepted: 28 February 2019 / Published: 10 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Law, Policy and Governance for Sustainable Development)
Coastal people, especially those living within deltaic areas, encounter major climatic concerns which affect their livelihoods. To cope with this problem, different types of planned adaptation strategies have been implemented guided by laws, policies and programs. However, these guiding documents sometimes fall short of addressing the needs of climate-affected people, especially in natural resource-dependent societies in Asia and Africa. Based on this premise, this paper sought to evaluate the effectiveness of existing policy documents which affect the lives of people living in one large delta (Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna in Bangladesh), two medium-sized deltas (Indian Bengal delta—part of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Mahanadi in India), and a small-sized delta (Volta in Ghana). The study followed a mixed methods research design, which included desktop analyses of policies, laws and programs, a questionnaire survey conducted among individuals who played various roles in the policy and legal development processes at national and local levels and focus group discussions at the community level in the three countries. National laws, policies and programs were assessed in the context of climate change adaptation through three lenses: human rights, natural resource management and disaster response. Findings of this paper reveal that the existing documents have some strengths to promote adaptation, although they have some major limitations that cause concerns among the delta communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; delta; coastal people; governance; policy; livelihood; adaptation; Asia and Africa climate change; delta; coastal people; governance; policy; livelihood; adaptation; Asia and Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hossen, M.A.; Chowdhury, M.A.; Hans, A.; Tagoe, C.A.; Allan, A.; Nelson, W.; Patel, A.; Mondal, M.S.; Salehin, M.; Quaye, R.M.; Das, S. Governance Challenges in Addressing Climatic Concerns in Coastal Asia and Africa. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2148. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072148

AMA Style

Hossen MA, Chowdhury MA, Hans A, Tagoe CA, Allan A, Nelson W, Patel A, Mondal MS, Salehin M, Quaye RM, Das S. Governance Challenges in Addressing Climatic Concerns in Coastal Asia and Africa. Sustainability. 2019; 11(7):2148. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072148

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hossen, M. A., Md. A. Chowdhury, Asha Hans, Cynthia A. Tagoe, Andrew Allan, Winfred Nelson, Amrita Patel, M. S. Mondal, Mashfiqus Salehin, Ruth M. Quaye, and Shouvik Das. 2019. "Governance Challenges in Addressing Climatic Concerns in Coastal Asia and Africa" Sustainability 11, no. 7: 2148. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072148

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