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Open AccessArticle

Conservation Opportunities of the Land Restitution Program Areas in the Colombian Post-Conflict Period

by Mariana Unda 1,2,* and Andrés Etter 1
1
Department of Ecology and Territory, School of Environmental and Rural Studies, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá 110231, Colombia
2
Master’s Program in Conservation and Use of Biodiversity, School of Environmental and Rural Studies, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá 110231, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 2048; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11072048
Received: 11 March 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 31 March 2019 / Published: 6 April 2019
The Land Restitution Program (LRP) is one of the greatest challenges for Colombia’s post-conflict period; it implies the recognition of the victims of dispossession or abandonment of lands and sets the discussion for future land use planning in these areas. The 1,119,959 Ha of LRP areas (August 2018) require knowledge of their state to promote land uses that favor the conservation of priority ecosystems and forest cover. Spatial and statistical analyzes where used to study the land-cover change in and around LRP areas at the national and regional level. An index of naturalness using a multi-criteria framework was used to identify important areas for conservation. Within areas, forest cover changes, resulting from deforestation and regeneration processes, decreased between 1990 and 2017. A total of 9.4% of their area show high naturalness, while 20% of them show high importance for conservation. The results show that, despite their dispossession/abandonment, these areas continued a deforestation process. Most of the areas show low naturalness, but conservation priorities can be identified in the Andes, Amazon, and Orinoco regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: land restitution; armed conflict; LULCC; conservation; MCDA land restitution; armed conflict; LULCC; conservation; MCDA
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Unda, M.; Etter, A. Conservation Opportunities of the Land Restitution Program Areas in the Colombian Post-Conflict Period. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2048.

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