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Estimating the Effects of Economic Agglomeration on Haze Pollution in Yangtze River Delta China Using an Econometric Analysis

1
Department of Geography and Spatial Information Techniques, Ningbo University-University of Angers Joint Institute at Ningbo, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
2
Department of Geography and Spatial Information Techniques, Sino-EU Faculty of Tourism, Geography and Culture, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
3
Institute of Human Geography and Urban-rural Planning, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
4
Department of Geography and Spatial Information Techniques, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 1893; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11071893
Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
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PDF [5867 KB, uploaded 29 March 2019]
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Abstract

Haze pollution, a serious livelihood and environmental issue, has hindered China’s economic development. This paper, based on the improved output density model, empirically analyzes spatial patterns and impact factors of haze pollution within the Yangtze River Delta from 2015 to 2017 by statistical and spatial econometric models. The study shows that: (1) The characteristics of haze pollution due to seasonal changes are obvious in the Yangtze River Delta region, and the situation has gradually improved. (2) The haze pollution has significant local agglomeration characteristics and spatial heterogeneity, demonstrated as significant low-level agglomerations in Hangzhou, Ningbo, and Taizhou, and high agglomerations in Chuzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, and Taizhou. The polluted area clusters around the provincial boundary, and its level gradually decreases from northwest to southeast. There is a significant spatial positive correlation and spatial spillover effect of intercity haze pollution, which will have a negative impact on the region and surrounding areas. (3) The population growth, research and development (R&D) investment, industrial structure, industrial smoke and dust emissions, and urban construction in the Yangtze River Delta have positive impacts on haze pollution, while factors, such as investment intensity of foreign direct investment (FDI), energy consumption and precipitation, have a negative impact on smog pollution. However, there is no Kuznets curve relationship between smog pollution and economic growth. By optimizing spatial distribution, incorporating production factors, and sharing pollution control infrastructure, this paper shows that economic agglomeration has an inhibitory effect on haze pollution. View Full-Text
Keywords: haze pollution; economic agglomeration; spatial spillover effect; Yangtze river delta haze pollution; economic agglomeration; spatial spillover effect; Yangtze river delta
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Ma, R.; Wang, C.; Jin, Y.; Zhou, X. Estimating the Effects of Economic Agglomeration on Haze Pollution in Yangtze River Delta China Using an Econometric Analysis. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1893.

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