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Open AccessArticle

Federation and Orchestration: A Scalable Solution for EU Multimodal Travel Information Services

1
CNIT—Electronic Engineering Department, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
SINTEF Digital—Mathematics and Cybernetics Department, 0314 Oslo, Norway
3
Norwegian Public Roads Administration (NPRA), Traffic Management Section, 0667 Oslo, Norway
4
CRAT—Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 1888; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11071888
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 19 March 2019 / Accepted: 20 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intermodal Transportation and Sustainable Mobility)
Multimodal travel planning services allow travelers to plan their journey by combining different transport modes: air, rail, waterborne, coach, public transport, demand responsive transport, walking, cycling, etc. The European Union is fostering the development of cross-border multimodal planning services by establishing a regulation framework for their coordinated and coherent deployment across Member States (under the Directive 2010/40/EU). This EU regulation gives precise requirements on travel data formats (DATEX II, SIRI, NeTEx, etc.) and on fundamental and recommended system-level services, such as discovery and linking services. However, it does not (yet) pose constraints on how to implement them. In this paper, we devise and test a system architecture, named Bonvoyage, which proposes an innovative solution implementing such services. For discovery purposes, it federates nation-wide NoSQL databases that contain travel information by exploiting a novel telecommunication paradigm, Information Centric Networking. As regards linking purposes, it orchestrates the use of autonomous monomodal or multimodal routing services provided by small/big stakeholders to compose the best door-to-door journey. View Full-Text
Keywords: intelligent transport systems; federated spatial databases; EU regulation; door-to-door intelligent transport systems; federated spatial databases; EU regulation; door-to-door
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Detti, A.; Tropea, G.; Blefari Melazzi, N.; Kjenstad, D.; Bach, L.; Christiansen, I.; Lisi, F. Federation and Orchestration: A Scalable Solution for EU Multimodal Travel Information Services. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1888.

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