Next Article in Journal
Toward Sustainable and Low Carbon Road Transportation: Policies, Tools, and Planning Methods
Previous Article in Journal
Options for Sustainable Intensification of Maize Production in Ethiopia
Previous Article in Special Issue
About Intentions to Donate for Sustainable Rural Development: An Exploratory Study
Article

Research on Role Cognition and Employment Strategy of Rural Female Laborers in Sichuan, China

by 1,2, 3 and 1,*
1
Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Sichuan Center for Rural Development Research, College of Management of Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1708; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061708
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 13 March 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 21 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Population and Social Sustainability)
Paying attention to role cognition and the employment strategies of female rural laborers has great significance for the improvement of the status of women and the rational transfer of labor forces. However, there are few studies of role cognition amongst the rural female labor workforce. There is even less research on the relationship between role cognition and employment transfer strategies. In this study, a survey of 425 female rural laborers in the Sichuan Province, China, was conducted to construct a role-based cognitive scale in order to measure the cognitive levels of subjective ability, self-role expectations and role conflicts. This paper divides employment strategy into four aspects: Actual workplaces, workplace preferences, actual industries, and industry preferences. An unorganized multi-classification logistic regression model was constructed in order to explore the relationship between the role cognition and employment strategy selections. The results indicated that there was a significant difference between employment expectations and realities. Rural females with more equal modern role cognition had a higher expectation of employment. Meanwhile, those who had a strong feeling of role conflicts, tended to work in other places and choose secondary and tertiary industries. However, in reality, most were unemployed. The conflict of roles clearly restricts employment options of the rural female workforce. This study enhances our understanding of the relationship between the perceptions of the Chinese female labor workforce and the employment strategies used. The findings can help to provide a reference for guiding employment policies and the flow of the female labor workforce. View Full-Text
Keywords: role cognition; women; rural laborers; employment strategy; China role cognition; women; rural laborers; employment strategy; China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Shui, Y.; Xu, D.; Liu, S. Research on Role Cognition and Employment Strategy of Rural Female Laborers in Sichuan, China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1708. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061708

AMA Style

Shui Y, Xu D, Liu S. Research on Role Cognition and Employment Strategy of Rural Female Laborers in Sichuan, China. Sustainability. 2019; 11(6):1708. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061708

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shui, Yue, Dingde Xu, and Shaoquan Liu. 2019. "Research on Role Cognition and Employment Strategy of Rural Female Laborers in Sichuan, China" Sustainability 11, no. 6: 1708. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061708

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop