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Open AccessArticle

Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh

1
School of Public Administration, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
2
Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
3
School of Commerce, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba Qld 4350, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1623; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061623
Received: 6 January 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 12 March 2019 / Published: 18 March 2019
Bangladesh is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. In particular, its riverine-island (char) dwellers face continuous riverbank erosion, frequent flooding, and other adverse effects of climate change that increase their vulnerability. This paper aims to assess the livelihood vulnerability of riverine communities by applying the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) vulnerability framework and the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI). Results indicate substantial variation in the vulnerability of char dwellers based on mainland proximity. The main drivers of livelihood vulnerability are char-dweller adaptation strategies and access to food and health services. The study further reveals that riverbank erosion, frequent flood inundation, and lack of employment and access to basic public services are the major social and natural drivers of livelihood vulnerability. Char-based policy focusing on short- and long-term strategy is required to reduce livelihood vulnerability and enhance char-dweller resilience. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bangladesh; vulnerability; disaster; climate change; adaptation Bangladesh; vulnerability; disaster; climate change; adaptation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sarker, M.N.I.; Wu, M.; Alam, GM M.; Shouse, R.C. Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061623

AMA Style

Sarker MNI, Wu M, Alam GMM, Shouse RC. Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh. Sustainability. 2019; 11(6):1623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061623

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sarker, Md N.I.; Wu, Min; Alam, G M M.; Shouse, Roger C. 2019. "Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh" Sustainability 11, no. 6: 1623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061623

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