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Open AccessArticle

Energy and Economic Impact on the Application of Low-Cost Lightweight Materials in Economic Housing Located in Dry Climates

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Departamento de Ingenieria Civil y Minas, Universidad de Sonora, Blvd. Luis Encinas y Rosales, Centro, Hermosillo 83000, Mexico
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Catedras CONACYT, Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados, Calle CIMAV 110, Ejido Arroyo Seco, Durango 34147, Mexico
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Departamento de Ingenieria Sustentable, Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados, Calle CIMAV 110, Ejido Arroyo Seco, Durango 34147, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1586; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061586
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 9 March 2019 / Accepted: 12 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
The building sector is considered a key area for sustainable development, due to the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the numerous economic activities that this sector involves. A low-cost lightweight cementitious composite consisting in perlite mortar was fabricated and evaluated. The thermal conductivity and heat capacity of the proposed composite were tested in the laboratory. The lightweight composite was integrated into a prototypical house and its thermal performance was tested for two different arid climates during a typical meteorological year. A techno-economic analysis of this integration was carried out, which showed the lightweight system integration could reduce the energy demand up to 10.3% due to the decreased use of heating and cooling systems. The CO2 emissions associated with electricity and gas use on cooling and heating systems could be reduced up to 10.9%. View Full-Text
Keywords: lightweight composites; perlite; material properties; arid climates; dynamic simulation; housing lightweight composites; perlite; material properties; arid climates; dynamic simulation; housing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Borbon-Almada, A.C.; Rodriguez-Muñoz, N.A.; Najera-Trejo, M. Energy and Economic Impact on the Application of Low-Cost Lightweight Materials in Economic Housing Located in Dry Climates. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1586.

AMA Style

Borbon-Almada AC, Rodriguez-Muñoz NA, Najera-Trejo M. Energy and Economic Impact on the Application of Low-Cost Lightweight Materials in Economic Housing Located in Dry Climates. Sustainability. 2019; 11(6):1586.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Borbon-Almada, Ana C.; Rodriguez-Muñoz, Norma A.; Najera-Trejo, Mario. 2019. "Energy and Economic Impact on the Application of Low-Cost Lightweight Materials in Economic Housing Located in Dry Climates" Sustainability 11, no. 6: 1586.

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