Next Article in Journal
Estimation of Housing Price Variations Using Spatio-Temporal Data
Next Article in Special Issue
Northern Warning Lights: Ambiguities of Environmental Security in Finland and Sweden
Previous Article in Journal
Employability of Disabled Graduates: Resources for a Sustainable Employment
Previous Article in Special Issue
Food Preferences in Finland: Sustainable Diets and their Differences between Groups
Article Menu
Issue 6 (March-2) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1548; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061548

Can There be Water Scarcity with Abundance of Water? Analyzing Water Stress during a Severe Drought in Finland

1
Finnish Environment Institute, Latokartanonkaari 11, 00790 Helsinki, Finland
2
Water & Development Research Group, Aalto University, 02015 Espoo, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 7 March 2019 / Accepted: 9 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
  |  
PDF [4413 KB, uploaded 14 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Severe droughts can affect water security even in countries with ample water resources. In addition, droughts are estimated to become more frequent in several regions due to changing climate. Drought affects many socio-economic sectors (e.g., agriculture, water supply, and industry), as it did in 2018 in Finland. Understanding the basin-wide picture is crucial in drought management planning. To identify vulnerable and water stressed areas in Finland, a water use-to-availability analysis was executed with a reference drought. Water stress was analyzed with the Water Depletion Index WDI. The analysis was executed using national water permits and databases. To represent a severe but realistic drought event, we modelled discharges and runoffs from the worst drought of the last century in Finland (1939–1942). The potential for performing similar analyses in data scarce contexts was also tested using estimates from global models as a screening tool. The results show that the South and Southwest of Finland would have problems with water availability during a severe drought. The most vulnerable areas would benefit from drought mitigation measures and management plans. These measures could be incorporated into the EU River Basin Management Plans. View Full-Text
Keywords: water depletion index; global water models; consumptive water use; water stress; water security; water scarcity; Finland water depletion index; global water models; consumptive water use; water stress; water security; water scarcity; Finland
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ahopelto, L.; Veijalainen, N.; Guillaume, J.H.A.; Keskinen, M.; Marttunen, M.; Varis, O. Can There be Water Scarcity with Abundance of Water? Analyzing Water Stress during a Severe Drought in Finland. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1548.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top