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Article

Rethinking the Utility of Public Bicycles: The Development and Challenges of Station-Less Bike Sharing in China

by 1,2,3, 2,* and 2,4
1
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
4
School of Global Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QN, Sussex, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1539; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061539
Received: 31 January 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 13 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Accessibility and Transportation Equity)
Cycling is known to be environmentally friendly and beneficial to public health and sustainable urban development. Cycling has recently increased in Chinese cities as a result of the emergence of station-less bike-sharing systems. This study examines the emergence, rapid growth and consolidation of station-less bike-sharing systems and the role of suppliers, users and government regulators. It shows that these systems developed unevenly, growing most in large cities in eastern and south-eastern China, and explores the relationship between this spatial distribution and the nature of the service and the socio-economic characteristics of cities. To investigate patterns of, and reasons for, the use of these systems, this research also reports the results of a survey of users and non-users, identifying their gender, age, income characteristics and attitudes to station-less systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: public bicycle program; station-less bike-sharing system; sustainable travel; green mobility public bicycle program; station-less bike-sharing system; sustainable travel; green mobility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Huang, J.; Dunford, M. Rethinking the Utility of Public Bicycles: The Development and Challenges of Station-Less Bike Sharing in China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1539. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061539

AMA Style

Wang J, Huang J, Dunford M. Rethinking the Utility of Public Bicycles: The Development and Challenges of Station-Less Bike Sharing in China. Sustainability. 2019; 11(6):1539. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061539

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Jiaoe, Jie Huang, and Michael Dunford. 2019. "Rethinking the Utility of Public Bicycles: The Development and Challenges of Station-Less Bike Sharing in China" Sustainability 11, no. 6: 1539. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061539

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