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Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 968; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11040968

Forecasting PM10 in the Bay of Algeciras Based on Regression Models

Research Group PAIDI-TIC-168, Computational Instrumentation and Industrial Electronics (ICEI), Area of Electronics, University of Cádiz, Higher Polytechnic School, Av. Ramón Puyol S/N, E-11202 Algeciras, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 16 January 2019 / Revised: 1 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 February 2019 / Published: 14 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Engineering and Science)
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Abstract

Different forecasting methodologies, classified into parametric and nonparametric, were studied in order to predict the average concentration of P M 10 over the course of 24 h. The comparison of the forecasting models was based on four quality indexes (Pearson’s correlation coefficient, the index of agreement, the mean absolute error, and the root mean squared error). The proposed experimental procedure was put into practice in three urban centers belonging to the Bay of Algeciras (Andalusia, Spain). The prediction results obtained with the proposed models exceed those obtained with the reference models through the introduction of low-quality measurements as exogenous information. This proves that it is possible to improve performance by using additional information from the existing nonlinear relationships between the concentration of the pollutants and the meteorological variables. View Full-Text
Keywords: time-series forecasting; regression models; artificial neural networks; on-site measurements; exogenous information time-series forecasting; regression models; artificial neural networks; on-site measurements; exogenous information
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Palomares-Salas, J.C.; González-de-la-Rosa, J.J.; Agüera-Pérez, A.; Sierra-Fernández, J.M.; Florencias-Oliveros, O. Forecasting PM10 in the Bay of Algeciras Based on Regression Models. Sustainability 2019, 11, 968.

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