Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas: The Case of Finland
AbstractWater scarcity is a severe global threat, and it will only become more critical with a growing and wealthier population. Annually, considerable volumes of water are transferred virtually through the global food system to secure nations’ food supply and to diversify diets. Our objective is to assess, whether specializing water-intensive production for exports in areas with an abundance of natural resources, would contribute to globally resource-efficient food production. We calculated Finland’s virtual water net export potential (four scenarios) by reallocating the present underutilized agricultural land and combining that with a domestic diet change (three scenarios) to maximize the exports of cattle products. Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export virtual water (3.7 billion m3 year−1, 25-time increase to current) was achieved when local production was maximized with domestic and exported feed, and bovine meat consumption in Finland was replaced with a vegetarian substitute. This corresponds to annual virtual water consumption for food of about 3.6 million global citizens (assuming 1032 m3 cap−1 year−1). Therefore our results suggest, that optimizing water-intensive production to water-rich areas, has a significant impact on global water savings. In addition, increasing exports from such areas by decreasing the domestic demand for water-intensive products to meet the nutrition recommendation levels, saves water resources. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Lehikoinen, E.; Parviainen, T.; Helenius, J.; Jalava, M.; Salonen, A.O.; Kummu, M. Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas: The Case of Finland. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1075.
Lehikoinen E, Parviainen T, Helenius J, Jalava M, Salonen AO, Kummu M. Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas: The Case of Finland. Sustainability. 2019; 11(4):1075.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lehikoinen, Elina; Parviainen, Tuure; Helenius, Juha; Jalava, Mika; Salonen, Arto O.; Kummu, Matti. 2019. "Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas: The Case of Finland." Sustainability 11, no. 4: 1075.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.