Next Article in Journal
Mode of Commuting TO and FROM School: A Similar or Different Pattern?
Next Article in Special Issue
Methodology for Determining the Location of Intermodal Transport Terminals for the Development of Sustainable Transport Systems: A Case Study from Slovakia
Previous Article in Journal
Deliberation and the Promise of a Deeply Democratic Sustainability Transition
Previous Article in Special Issue
Grocery Delivery or Customer Pickup—Influences on Energy Consumption and CO2 Emissions in Munich
Article

Could Biomass Derived Fuels Bridge the Emissions Gap between High Speed Rail and Aviation?

Joint Research Centre (JRC), European Commission, 21027 Ispra, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 1025; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041025
Received: 10 January 2019 / Revised: 8 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 16 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intermodal Transportation and Sustainable Mobility)
Aviation is a steadily growing sector, which largely contributes to transport greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. When High Speed Rail (HSR) and aviation are considered as alternative options, HSR proves to be a more environmentally friendly mode of transport. Public available data have been used in order to calculate the emission profiles on two selected intra-European routes (London–Paris and Frankfurt–Amsterdam) by HSR and air. As expected, the air mode results in higher GHG emissions and solutions for mitigating its impact have been analyzed and suggested. Biomass Derived Fuels (BDF) has a limited, up to now, potential, to fill the existing gap in terms of emissions with rail. Moreover, BDF reduction in GHG emissions is accompanied with by an increase in fuel cost. Finally, the cost per tonne of avoided CO2e by using BDF—which values 186 €/t—has been compared with the prices of the European Union (EU) Emission Trading System (ETS) allowances and, from a purely economic perspective, this market based measure still seems a preferable option to curb the GHG emissions of the air mode. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sustainable mobility; sustainable aviation; aviation emissions; High Speed Rail; Biofuels; biokerosene Sustainable mobility; sustainable aviation; aviation emissions; High Speed Rail; Biofuels; biokerosene
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Prussi, M.; Konti, A.; Lonza, L. Could Biomass Derived Fuels Bridge the Emissions Gap between High Speed Rail and Aviation? Sustainability 2019, 11, 1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041025

AMA Style

Prussi M, Konti A, Lonza L. Could Biomass Derived Fuels Bridge the Emissions Gap between High Speed Rail and Aviation? Sustainability. 2019; 11(4):1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prussi, Matteo, Aikaterini Konti, and Laura Lonza. 2019. "Could Biomass Derived Fuels Bridge the Emissions Gap between High Speed Rail and Aviation?" Sustainability 11, no. 4: 1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041025

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop