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Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 771; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030771

Disaster Aid Targeting and Self-Reporting Bias: Natural Experimental Evidence from the Philippines

1
Graduate School of Economics, Nagoya City University, Nagoya 467-0802, Japan
2
Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
3
School of International Politics, Economics and Communication, Aoyama Gakuin University; Tokyo 150-8366, Japan
4
Faculty of Agriculture and Life Science, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki 036-8561, Japan
5
Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 27 January 2019 / Accepted: 29 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Disasters and Economics)
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Abstract

Aid from the government can play a critical role as a risk-coping device in a post-disaster situation if the recipients are properly targeted. We analyze the accuracy of disaster aid targeting and self-reporting bias in disaster damage and aid receipt by combining (i) satellite images (objective information on flood damage), (ii) administrative records (objective information on post-flood aid receipt), and (iii) unique survey data (self-reported information on damage assessment and aid receipt) on a large-scale flooding in 2012 in the Philippines. We find that damage is over-reported while aid receipt is under-reported, and as a result, the estimated targeting accuracy based on self-reported information is substantially downward-biased. View Full-Text
Keywords: disaster; flood; Habagat; aid targeting; self-reporting bias; Philippines disaster; flood; Habagat; aid targeting; self-reporting bias; Philippines
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Higuchi, Y.; Fuwa, N.; Kajisa, K.; Sato, T.; Sawada, Y. Disaster Aid Targeting and Self-Reporting Bias: Natural Experimental Evidence from the Philippines. Sustainability 2019, 11, 771.

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