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Open AccessArticle

A Study of Regional Power Generation Efficiency in China: Based on a Non-Radial Directional Distance Function Model

by 1, 1,*, 2,* and 3,4
1
College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Southeast University, Nanjing 211102, China
3
Institute of Industrial Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
4
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 659; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030659
Received: 14 December 2018 / Revised: 17 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 27 January 2019
With the deterioration caused by environmental pollution, studies on the low-carbon economy have received more attention. As far as we know, electricity production accounts for a large portion of total carbon emissions. Therefore, based on panel data from 2005 to 2014, we used the non-radial directional distance function model based on the data envelope analysis (DEA) to evaluate the static electricity product efficiency of various provinces in China. Further, the global Malmquist index was introduced to analyze the main factors. The relationship between the environmental policy stringency and the regional power production efficiency was also investigated. Static results show that China’s regional power production efficiency has a significant difference between coastal developed and inland areas. Dynamic evaluation further proved that the difference is mainly due to technological change. Finally, regression results show that technological change is the only factor directly affecting regional environmental policy stringency. View Full-Text
Keywords: Electricity production efficiency; Non-radial directional distance function; Global Malmquist index; Environmental policy stringency Electricity production efficiency; Non-radial directional distance function; Global Malmquist index; Environmental policy stringency
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Zhu, J.; Zhou, D.; Pu, Z.; Sun, H. A Study of Regional Power Generation Efficiency in China: Based on a Non-Radial Directional Distance Function Model. Sustainability 2019, 11, 659.

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