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Soil Pollution Management in China: A Brief Introduction

by Tiankui Li 1, Yi Liu 1,*, Sijie Lin 1,2,3, Yangze Liu 1 and Yunfeng Xie 4
1
School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
School of Environmental Science & Engineering, Southern University of Science & Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
3
Beijing SUSTC Blue Technology Co. Ltd., Beijing 100084, China
4
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 556; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030556
Received: 6 December 2018 / Revised: 15 January 2019 / Accepted: 17 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Law for Sustainability 2018)
Soil pollution has become a severe environmental issue in China over the past few decades due to rapid industrialization and urbanization. However, traditionally, few laws and regulations have focused on soil pollution in China. In response to this emerging threat, new policies, regulations, and measures have been proposed and implemented in recent years. This paper summarizes the existing law, action plan, regulations, and risk control rules regarding soil pollution prevention in China. Moreover, it compares soil pollution management between China and other developed countries. China has now established a comprehensive soil management system based on risk-based control. Regulations have been formulated for agricultural land, contaminated land, and industrial and mining land. Separate risk control rules exist for agricultural land and development land. Agricultural land can be classified as priority protection, safe utilization, and strict management with respect to soil pollution levels and agricultural products. The risk control rules for development land set different standards for sensitive land and non-sensitive land. Comparisons with developed countries show that their experiences of risk-based control and the “polluter pays” principle have been adopted in China. Additional scientific research and public participation are recommended for future updates to these policies. This study provides a comprehensive introduction to the newly established soil management system in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil pollution management; soil pollution prevention and control law; action plan; regulations; risk control rules; China soil pollution management; soil pollution prevention and control law; action plan; regulations; risk control rules; China
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Li, T.; Liu, Y.; Lin, S.; Liu, Y.; Xie, Y. Soil Pollution Management in China: A Brief Introduction. Sustainability 2019, 11, 556.

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