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Article

Parental Involvement as a Protective Factor in School Adjustment among Retained and Promoted Secondary Students

1
Departament of Psychology, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Camino Nohales 4, 16071 Cuenca, Spain
2
Departament of Psychology, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda de los Alfares 44, 16071 Cuenca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(24), 7080; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247080
Received: 8 November 2019 / Revised: 4 December 2019 / Accepted: 8 December 2019 / Published: 11 December 2019
This study analyzes the relationship of parental involvement and school adjustment among secondary students considering their school integration, school satisfaction, and prosocial disposition. The analysis also considers academic performance through the grade retention. Study sample was 1043 Spanish adolescents aged between 12 and 17 years (51.5% girls, M = 14.21, SD = 1.38). A factorial (3x2x2x2) multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was applied for the outcome variables of school integration, school satisfaction, and prosocial behavior, with parental educational involvement, grade retention, sex, and age as independent variables. The results show that both parental involvement and academic performance are positively related to school adjustment. In addition, parental involvement influences adolescents’ school adjustment, regardless of academic performance, being a protective factor in that adjustment. View Full-Text
Keywords: school adjustment; parental involvement; academic performance; prosocial behavior; school integration; school satisfaction; adolescence school adjustment; parental involvement; academic performance; prosocial behavior; school integration; school satisfaction; adolescence
MDPI and ACS Style

Serna, C.; Martínez, I. Parental Involvement as a Protective Factor in School Adjustment among Retained and Promoted Secondary Students. Sustainability 2019, 11, 7080. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247080

AMA Style

Serna C, Martínez I. Parental Involvement as a Protective Factor in School Adjustment among Retained and Promoted Secondary Students. Sustainability. 2019; 11(24):7080. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247080

Chicago/Turabian Style

Serna, Cristina, and Isabel Martínez. 2019. "Parental Involvement as a Protective Factor in School Adjustment among Retained and Promoted Secondary Students" Sustainability 11, no. 24: 7080. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247080

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