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Open AccessArticle

Monthly Allocation of Water Resources and Pollutant Loads in a Basin Based on the Water Footprint and Fallback Bargaining

1
School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Chinese Academy of Environment Planning, Beijing 100012, China
3
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Environmental Planning and Policy Simulation, Chinese Academy of Environment Planning, Beijing 100012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6836; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236836
Received: 10 September 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
The refined allocation of water resources and pollutant loads in a basin according to seasonal changes is an important measure for sustainable management. This study proposes a monthly water resource and pollutant load allocation model that is based on the water footprint and fallback bargaining. First, the water utilization and pollutant discharge demand and allocable resources are accounted for by taking their water footprints as indicators. Subsequently, various initial allocation schemes are designed based on several typical bankruptcy rules. Finally, with the goal of resource sustainability, the initial schemes are optimized by applying the fallback bargaining approach. The Huangshui River basin, which is located in Qinghai, China, is a typical seasonal basin with water use conflicts and it is considered for verifying the proposed methodology. The results show that the monthly allocation framework can effectively balance the water use and pollutant discharge demand of regions upstream and downstream in different seasons, improve the overall resource utilization efficiency in the basin, and ensure that the allocation each month reaches the Pareto optimum. View Full-Text
Keywords: monthly; water resource; pollutant load; water footprint; fallback bargaining monthly; water resource; pollutant load; water footprint; fallback bargaining
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Xue, Y.; Chen, Y.; Cui, D.; Xie, Y.; Zeng, W.; Zhang, J. Monthly Allocation of Water Resources and Pollutant Loads in a Basin Based on the Water Footprint and Fallback Bargaining. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6836.

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