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The Effects of Perceived Leader Narcissism on Employee Proactive Behavior: Examining the Moderating Roles of LMX Quality and Leader Identification

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Business School, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
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Institute for Management Research, Radboud University, 6500 HK Nijmegen, The Netherlands
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School of Management, Open University of the Netherlands, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands
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Department of Marketing, Innovation and Organisation, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
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Kingston Business School, Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, London KT2 7LB, UK
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School of Management, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
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School of Management, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430073, China
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Also affiliated with: Business School, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6597; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236597
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 10 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 22 November 2019
The purpose of this quantitative field study is to examine the relationship between perceived leader narcissism and employee proactive behavior, incorporating leader–member exchange (LMX) quality and leader identification as moderators. Within the social identity theory framework, implicit leadership and social categorization theories are used as the underpinning basis for our hypothesized three-way interaction moderation model. The research sample consisted of 90 groups (including 326 employees and 90 leaders) from different companies in China. Results indicate that there is a three-way interaction effect between perceived leader narcissism, LMX quality, and leader identification, which negatively influences employee proactive behavior. Specifically, when LMX quality and leader identification are both at a high level, the negative relationship between perceived leader narcissism and employee proactive behavior is most salient. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: perceived leader narcissism; LMX quality; leader identification; implicit leadership theories; social categorization theory; employee proactive behavior perceived leader narcissism; LMX quality; leader identification; implicit leadership theories; social categorization theory; employee proactive behavior
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Liao, S.; Van der Heijden, B.; Liu, Y.; Zhou, X.; Guo, Z. The Effects of Perceived Leader Narcissism on Employee Proactive Behavior: Examining the Moderating Roles of LMX Quality and Leader Identification. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6597.

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