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Open AccessArticle

Architectural Indoor Analysis: A Holistic Approach to Understand the Relation of Higher Education Classrooms and Academic Performance

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Department of Education, Universidad de Almería, 04120 La Cañada Almería, Spain
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Department of Architectural Graphic Expression, Universidade da Coruña, 15001 A Coruña, Spain
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Techniques and Projects in Engineering and Architecture, Universidad de La Laguna, 38200 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6558; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236558
Received: 22 October 2019 / Revised: 10 November 2019 / Accepted: 19 November 2019 / Published: 20 November 2019
The influence of learning space on users has been broadly accepted and tested. However, the literature has focused on single factor research, instead of holistic approaches. Additionally, lower educational levels have been the focus of interest, while higher education is moving towards multi-method teaching. This paper focuses on how learning spaces for different purposes (practice and lecture rooms) may influence academic performance from a holistic approach of learning physical environment perception. For this, the iPEP scale (Indoor physical environment perception) is used and validated through Cronbach Alpha and Exploratory Factorial Analysis. Then, multiple linear regression is conducted. The results indicate that iPEP measures near to 63 percent of the construct, which is structured in six factors. Moreover, linear regression analyses support previous literature concerning the influence of learning physical environment on academic performance (R2 = 0.154). The differences obtained between practice and lecture room in terms of predictor variables bring to the light the need to diagnose learning environments before designing changes in educational buildings. This research provides a self-reported way to measure indoor environments, as well as evidence concerning the modern university, which desires to combine several teaching methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: acoustics; architecture; visual comfort; environmental quality; higher education; learning space; learning physical environment; sustainable buildings; thermal comfort; ventilation comfort acoustics; architecture; visual comfort; environmental quality; higher education; learning space; learning physical environment; sustainable buildings; thermal comfort; ventilation comfort
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López-Chao, V.; Lorenzo, A.A.; Martin-Gutiérrez, J. Architectural Indoor Analysis: A Holistic Approach to Understand the Relation of Higher Education Classrooms and Academic Performance. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6558.

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