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A Geospatial Approach to Sustainable Urban Planning: Lessons for Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania

State Key Laboratory for Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
Department of Mathematics Informatics and Computational Science, Solomon Mahlangu College of Science and Education, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro P.O. Box 3038, Tanzania
School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
Centre for Sustainability and Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (SaRIC), London South Bank University, London SE1 0AA, UK
Cities Research Institute and School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6508;
Received: 9 October 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Urban Planning and Land Management)
Sustainable urban planning is essential in mediating the natural and built environments globally, yet, there is little progress as regards its attainment in developing countries. Rapid and unplanned urbanization continue to threaten the sustainability of many cities in Africa. By selecting Morogoro Municipal Council (MMC) in Tanzania as an example, this study applied well-known remote sensing techniques to understand the dynamics of urban growth and the implications for sustainable urban planning. The study analyzes spatio-temporal characteristics for eighteen years (2000–2018) based on urban land density using gradient and grid-based analysis to further examine land use and urban land density nexus. The results indicate declining urban land densities with distance to the city center, indicating a less compact and fragmented development at the urban fringes; and northward development with limited development to the south of MCC. The knowledge and understanding of the patterns of spatio-temporal conditions, land use planning, and management interventions in MMC are necessary for addressing the inadequacies associated with rapid urbanization within the study area. On this basis, we propose a shift from the modernist to the communicative planning strategy that strongly integrates the urban social, economic, and environmental imperatives, while being adaptable to evolving realities. This plan should also aim to curtail urban sprawl and create a viable city system and economically prosperous city structure for MMC. View Full-Text
Keywords: land-use planning; urban growth; urban land density; sustainable urban planning; Morogoro land-use planning; urban growth; urban land density; sustainable urban planning; Morogoro
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Sumari, N.S.; Xu, G.; Ujoh, F.; Korah, P.I.; Ebohon, O.J.; Lyimo, N.N. A Geospatial Approach to Sustainable Urban Planning: Lessons for Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6508.

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