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Article

How Can Organisations and Business Models Lead to a More Sustainable Society? A Framework from a Systematic Review of the Industry 4.0

1
Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Milano Bicocca, 20126 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Management, University of Turin, 10134 Turin, Italy
3
Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Palermo, 90134 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6363; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226363
Received: 13 October 2019 / Revised: 8 November 2019 / Accepted: 8 November 2019 / Published: 13 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Business Models and Common Goods)
The concept of Industry 4.0 has been mainly addressed by the current literature from a technological perspective, overlooking the organisational and even ethical challenges related to this recent paradigm. In order to become ‘4.0 compliant’, an enterprise must adapt its organisation and business approaches, and these changes may lead to a significant impact on sustainability. Therefore, we performed a systematic literature review to investigate the most recent Industry 4.0 research streams by adopting a multi-perspective approach. This analysis led to collect insights on the key traits of an Enterprise 4.0: integration, decomposed hierarchy, flexibility, and autonomy. Each of these keywords involves work environments, business and organisational models, and educational approaches, which constitute the key traits of the novel framework proposed in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: Industry 4.0; organisation; sustainable business model; sustainability; smart enterprise; enterprise 4.0 Industry 4.0; organisation; sustainable business model; sustainability; smart enterprise; enterprise 4.0
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tirabeni, L.; De Bernardi, P.; Forliano, C.; Franco, M. How Can Organisations and Business Models Lead to a More Sustainable Society? A Framework from a Systematic Review of the Industry 4.0. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6363. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226363

AMA Style

Tirabeni L, De Bernardi P, Forliano C, Franco M. How Can Organisations and Business Models Lead to a More Sustainable Society? A Framework from a Systematic Review of the Industry 4.0. Sustainability. 2019; 11(22):6363. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226363

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tirabeni, Lia, Paola De Bernardi, Canio Forliano, and Mattia Franco. 2019. "How Can Organisations and Business Models Lead to a More Sustainable Society? A Framework from a Systematic Review of the Industry 4.0" Sustainability 11, no. 22: 6363. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226363

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