Next Article in Journal
Moving Towards the Circular Economy/City Model: Which Tools for Operationalizing This Model?
Previous Article in Journal
Do Employees Matter in the Relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance?
Open AccessArticle

What Influences the Cross-Border Air Pollutant Transfer in China–United States Trade: A Comparative Analysis Using the Extended IO-SDA Method

1
Management School, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
2
Business School, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
3
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
4
State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6252; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226252
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 29 October 2019 / Accepted: 30 October 2019 / Published: 7 November 2019
This paper extends the IO-SDA (input–output and structural decomposition analysis) method to decompose the CBAPT (cross-border air pollutant transfer) into different effects, and reveals the status of CBAPT and analyzes influencing factors affecting the CBAPT in China–US trade by comparing China with the US in these factors. This study found that China was a net air pollutant exporter, and this indicates the air pollutants were transferred from the US into China through China–US trade. On the whole, the China energy intensity, China emission coefficient, and import scale effects decreased the CBAPT, whereas the export scale and US emission coefficient effects increased the CBAPT; the influences of export structure, US energy intensity, and import structure on CBAPT were uncertain. The sectoral distribution of effects on the CBAPT in China–US trade was unbalanced, which was mainly concentrated in heavy industry and transportation. The China energy intensity, China emission coefficient, and import scale effects inhibited sectoral CBAPT, and the export scale effect promoted this sectoral transfer. Other effects on the sectoral transfer were negligible. This paper provides some policy suggestions based on empirical results. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-border air pollutant transfer; embodied air pollutants; China–US trade; extended IO-SDA method; export; import cross-border air pollutant transfer; embodied air pollutants; China–US trade; extended IO-SDA method; export; import
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, S.; Gao, C.; Li, Y.; Ma, X.; Zhou, Y.; He, Z.; Zhao, B.; Wang, S. What Influences the Cross-Border Air Pollutant Transfer in China–United States Trade: A Comparative Analysis Using the Extended IO-SDA Method. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6252.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop