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Open AccessArticle

Somatotype, BMI, and Sexual Dimorphism in Adolescent School Sports Players in Peru

1
Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud de Melilla, Universidad de Granada, Granada 52071, Spain
2
Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí, Manta 130802, Ecuador
3
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Técnica de Manabí, Portoviejo 130108, Ecuador
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Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad Nacional José Faustino Sánchez Carrión, Huacho 15135, Peru
5
Laboratorio de Antropología Física, Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Granada, Granada 18071, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6224; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226224
Received: 30 September 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 7 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Education for Sustainability in Physical Education)
Introduction and objectives (1): It is currently important to be able to establish logical plans for physical work and/or nutrition aimed at achieving optimal levels of performance and wellbeing. To achieve this, it is crucial to understand anthropometric data and how they relate to body type and, above all, how they associate with parameters linked to health. The present study, therefore, proposed to examine intersexual morphological differences and to determine the existing relationship between somatotype and BMI in a sample of school sports players from Huacho (Peru). Material and methods (2): A descriptive, comparative, correlational, and transversal study was delivered within a sample of 294 students (165 males and 129 females). Participants were aged between 12–16 years and regularly participated in team sports at competitive school level. All participants took part in the anthropometric examination in order to determine their somatotype and body mass index (BMI). Results (3): Significant differences were found to exist between the sexes in practically all of the anthropometric measures. The data demonstrated a high index of overweight and obesity. Further, the zones of occupation of the somatochart for both populations showed a displacement towards endomorphism, and that the level of typological similarity between populations was 30.54%. Conclusions (4): Results indicate a serious need for training so that adolescent students acquire healthy habits and lifestyles. View Full-Text
Keywords: somatotype; adolescents; sexual dimorphism somatotype; adolescents; sexual dimorphism
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Linares-Manrique, M.; Hernández-Gallardo, D.; Arencibia-Moreno, R.; Rojas-Cabrera, M.; Macedo-Figueroa, J.; Linares-Girela, D. Somatotype, BMI, and Sexual Dimorphism in Adolescent School Sports Players in Peru. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6224.

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