Next Article in Journal
Identification of Schedule-Performance Indicators and Delay-Recovery Strategies for Low-Cost Housing Projects
Next Article in Special Issue
Peer-Reviewed Literature on Grain Legume Species in the WoS (1980–2018): A Comparative Analysis of Soybean and Pulses
Previous Article in Journal
Integrating Remote Sensing and Hydrologic Modeling to Assess the Impact of Land-Use Changes on the Increase of Flood Risk: A Case Study of the Riyadh–Dammam Train Track, Saudi Arabia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sustainability of Agricultural Diversity in the Farm Households of Southern Tibet
Open AccessArticle

Agricultural Diversity and Sustainability: General Features and Bangladeshi Illustrations

1
School of Economics, the University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
2
Department of Economics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh
3
Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur 1701, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(21), 6004; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216004
Received: 12 September 2019 / Revised: 10 October 2019 / Accepted: 22 October 2019 / Published: 29 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agricultural Diversity)
Many scientists have expressed concern that declining agricultural diversity threatens agricultural sustainability. We draw on the available literature to outline and examine mechanisms that reduce agricultural diversity and identify the at-risk attributes of agricultural sustainability. Using a three-pillar concept embodying ecological, social and economic dimensions, this article provides a comprehensive general assessment of the sustainability of agricultural systems. It pays particular attention to consequences for agricultural diversity and sustainability of the increasing dependence of agriculture on the market system and new agricultural technologies. As an illustrative example, it examines changes in the diversity and sustainability of Bangladeshi agriculture by applying a novel index of the diversity of cropping land use, an output decomposition method, and statistical techniques. Crop diversity in Bangladesh is very low and dominated by the cultivation of rice, which now depends very heavily on a limited number of high yielding varieties (HYVs). Higher rice yields in Bangladesh and seasonal changes in rice cultivation have resulted in land sparing, which make room for greater crop diversity. Nevertheless, Bangladesh’s food dependence on its rice output is very high and is critically dependent on groundwater irrigation. We recommend that Bangladesh consider increasing the diversity of its crops as a food security measure and as a hedge against a decline in its agricultural sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural diversity; agricultural sustainability; Bangladesh; crop diversification index; decomposition of sources of agricultural growth; food security; rice biodiversity; three-pillar sustainability concept agricultural diversity; agricultural sustainability; Bangladesh; crop diversification index; decomposition of sources of agricultural growth; food security; rice biodiversity; three-pillar sustainability concept
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tisdell, C.; Alauddin, M.; Sarker, M..A.R.; Kabir, M.A. Agricultural Diversity and Sustainability: General Features and Bangladeshi Illustrations. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6004. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216004

AMA Style

Tisdell C, Alauddin M, Sarker MAR, Kabir MA. Agricultural Diversity and Sustainability: General Features and Bangladeshi Illustrations. Sustainability. 2019; 11(21):6004. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tisdell, Clement; Alauddin, Mohammad; Sarker, Md. A.R.; Kabir, Md A. 2019. "Agricultural Diversity and Sustainability: General Features and Bangladeshi Illustrations" Sustainability 11, no. 21: 6004. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216004

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop