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The Integrated Approach to Landscape Management —Experience from Slovakia
Article

The Role of Small Farm Activities for the Sustainable Management of Agricultural Landscapes: Case Studies from Europe

1
Department of Landscape Planning and Design, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Technical University in Zvolen, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
2
UNESCO Department for Ecological Awareness and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Technical University in Zvolen, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(21), 5966; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215966
Received: 23 September 2019 / Revised: 20 October 2019 / Accepted: 24 October 2019 / Published: 26 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Landscape Management and Planning)
In Europe, a broad variety of agricultural landscape types have originated as a result of traditional farming activities and landscape diversity maintenance over centuries. The rapid development of socio-economic activities during the twentieth century caused significant loss of traditional rural landscapes. Traditional/historical European agricultural landscape types (EALs) represent a type of cultural landscape with many specific unique cultural, historical, and biodiversity patterns. Despite their high value, maintenance in practice is lacking. European farmers and landowners need to learn how to implement innovative multifunctional farming techniques within these landscapes. An online interactive educational tool of the ERASMUS+ FEAL project (FEAL: multifunctional Farming for the sustainability of European Agricultural Landscapes) deals with these topics. Case studies from the FEAL project showed the best examples of sustainable agricultural management practices in different types of EALs. The aim of this article was to evaluate case studies within coordination of information on the environment (CORINE) Land Cover (CLC) 2012 classes representing traditional land use forms, nature and landscape protection areas, and ecologically important areas, as well as High Nature Value (HNV) farmland. Results based on 28 case studies from five European countries interpreted the positive external effects of farms on values of EALs. A prevailing number of farms exhibited a coincidence between CLC 2012 classes with traditional land use forms and HNV farmland and protected areas. Regarding land cover classes with traditional land use forms, key words selected by farmers gave importance to recreation and tourism, furthering of biodiversity, direct sale, social farming, renewable energy, and traditional building. The highest frequencies of the key words were achieved in CLC 2012 classes concerning (to some degree) natural and semi-natural ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: farming; multifunctionality; sustainable practices; landscape types; traditional land use farming; multifunctionality; sustainable practices; landscape types; traditional land use
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MDPI and ACS Style

Slámová, M.; Belčáková, I. The Role of Small Farm Activities for the Sustainable Management of Agricultural Landscapes: Case Studies from Europe. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5966. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215966

AMA Style

Slámová M, Belčáková I. The Role of Small Farm Activities for the Sustainable Management of Agricultural Landscapes: Case Studies from Europe. Sustainability. 2019; 11(21):5966. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215966

Chicago/Turabian Style

Slámová, Martina, and Ingrid Belčáková. 2019. "The Role of Small Farm Activities for the Sustainable Management of Agricultural Landscapes: Case Studies from Europe" Sustainability 11, no. 21: 5966. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215966

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