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A Framework to Advance the Understanding of the Ecological Effects of Extreme Climate Events

1
Department of Ecology, University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain
2
Multidisciplinary Institute for Environmental Studies (MIES), Universidad de Alicante, P.O. Box 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain
Sustainability 2019, 11(21), 5954; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215954
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 13 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Impact Events and Climate Change)
Climate change is modifying disturbance regimes, affecting the severity and occurrence of extreme events. Current experiments investigating extreme events have a large diversity of experimental approaches and key aspects such as the interaction with other disturbances, the timing, and long-term effects are not usually incorporated in a standardized way. This lack of comparability among studies limits advances in this field of research. This study presents a framework that is comprised of two experimental approaches designed to test expected changes on disturbance regime due to climate change. These approaches test the effects of disturbances becoming more clustered and more extreme. They use common descriptor variables regardless of the type of disturbance and ecosystem. This framework is completed with a compilation of procedures that increase the realism of experiments in the aforementioned key aspects. The proposed framework favours comparability among studies and increases our understanding of extreme events. Examples to implement this framework are given using rocky shores as a case study. Far from being perfect, the purpose of this framework is to act as a starting point that triggers the comparability and refinement of these types of experiments needed to advance our understanding of the ecological effects of extreme events. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; disturbance; driver of environmental change; extreme event; legacy; long-term effects; multiple disturbances; perturbation; resilience; anthropogenic environmental stressor; timing climate change; disturbance; driver of environmental change; extreme event; legacy; long-term effects; multiple disturbances; perturbation; resilience; anthropogenic environmental stressor; timing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanz-Lazaro, C. A Framework to Advance the Understanding of the Ecological Effects of Extreme Climate Events. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5954. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215954

AMA Style

Sanz-Lazaro C. A Framework to Advance the Understanding of the Ecological Effects of Extreme Climate Events. Sustainability. 2019; 11(21):5954. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215954

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanz-Lazaro, Carlos. 2019. "A Framework to Advance the Understanding of the Ecological Effects of Extreme Climate Events" Sustainability 11, no. 21: 5954. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215954

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