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The Role of Experiments and Demonstration Projects in Efforts of Upscaling: An Analysis of Two Projects Attempting to Reconfigure Production and Consumption in Energy and Mobility

1
Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, NTNU, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
2
Institute of Technology Assessment, Austrian Academy of Sciences, 1030 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5771; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205771
Received: 16 August 2019 / Revised: 3 October 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 17 October 2019
There is a multitude of experimentation, pilot and demonstration projects across Europe aiming to reconfigure energy consumption and production systems. Demo-projects and experiments have been recognized as important instruments to implement sustainability transitions in practice. Transition scholars have done much to clarify how we should understand experiments and pilot projects, focusing on involved actors, what is learned, and how the knowledge is used. In this paper we study two pilot project and discuss their qualities as sites that bundle new systemic properties, technologies, regulations, business models and user practices in new ways. We discuss these cases as new configurations with promising transformative implications. The two cases studied are a Norwegian and an Austrian smart grid demonstration. Both cases represent companies that have transformed their relation to and participation in the transport system as an outcome of pilot projects and experiments. The study analyses the complexity of factors influencing the effectiveness and success of these reconfigurations in providing destabilization and change within until now relatively stable regimes. View Full-Text
Keywords: experiments; pilots; upscale; sustainability; transitions; smart grids; electric vehicles; transport; industry; niche experiments; pilots; upscale; sustainability; transitions; smart grids; electric vehicles; transport; industry; niche
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ryghaug, M.; Ornetzeder, M.; Skjølsvold, T.M.; Throndsen, W. The Role of Experiments and Demonstration Projects in Efforts of Upscaling: An Analysis of Two Projects Attempting to Reconfigure Production and Consumption in Energy and Mobility. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5771. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205771

AMA Style

Ryghaug M, Ornetzeder M, Skjølsvold TM, Throndsen W. The Role of Experiments and Demonstration Projects in Efforts of Upscaling: An Analysis of Two Projects Attempting to Reconfigure Production and Consumption in Energy and Mobility. Sustainability. 2019; 11(20):5771. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205771

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ryghaug, Marianne; Ornetzeder, Michael; Skjølsvold, Tomas Moe; Throndsen, William. 2019. "The Role of Experiments and Demonstration Projects in Efforts of Upscaling: An Analysis of Two Projects Attempting to Reconfigure Production and Consumption in Energy and Mobility" Sustainability 11, no. 20: 5771. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205771

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