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Characterizing the Sharing Economy State of the Research: A Systematic Map

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IPD Integrated Product Development, MMK Department of Machine Design, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden
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HERUS Laboratory for Human Environment Relations in Urban Systems, EPFL Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
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The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE), Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
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ISCTE-IUL Business School, University of Lisbon, 1649-004 Lisbon, Portugal
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Department of Business Studies, University of Roma Tre, 00154 Roma, Italy
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SEED Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5729; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205729
Received: 12 September 2019 / Revised: 10 October 2019 / Accepted: 11 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
The sharing economy is an emerging niche for innovation capable of disrupting established socio-technical and economic regimes. Because of this potential to cause radical changes in a wide array of domains, research in multiple disciplines addressing various aspects entailing this phenomenon is proliferating. In this emerging body of literature, the understanding and framing of the sharing economy are often different. Without knowledge about the current state of the research related to the sharing economy, delineating research trends, gaps, and needs for directing effectively primary research are not possible. This study aimed to synthesize the state and distribution of existing publications related to the sharing economy in multiple disciplines. We used the systematic mapping technique to scope, identify, and classify the publications at a fine level of granularity. We reviewed 589 journal articles (published from 1978 to 2017), and 454 met the selection criteria. The journal articles reviewed were published in 284 different journals. Intriguingly, 15 journals published five to 13 publications each and 221 journals had a single article about the topic. Journals belonging to the subject areas “business, management and accounting” (42.1%) and “social sciences” (35.2%) published more than 70% of the reviewed publications. Accommodation (19.8%) and car and ridesharing (17.2%) were the two most prominent sectors; 50.2% of the publications addressed C2C transactions (10.6% B2C, 24.4% more than one type); 62.3% were about accessing resources, and 5.1% concerned transfer of ownership (i.e., second-hand or donation); and 19.2% covered access and transfer of ownership simultaneously. While empirical studies were the majority (53.1%, when comparing with conceptual ones), qualitative approaches were most common (51.5% against 24.9% quantitative and 17.4% mixed methods). Literature review (22.9%), survey (13.2%), case study (7.3%) and interview (7%) were the most frequently used methods. User behavior (26.4%), business models and organizational aspects (22.7%), institution and governance system (18.7%), conceptualization matters (17%), and sustainability evaluation (15.3%) are research clusters identified from a grounded approach. The link between user behavior and net environmental impacts of sharing options was the largest gap found in the research needing attention from a sustainability perspective. Accordingly, multidisciplinary investigations quantifying behavioral root causes, magnitude, and likelihood of environmental rebound effects using real-world data are strongly encouraged. View Full-Text
Keywords: sharing economy; collaborative consumption; collaborative economy; systematic map; sustainability sharing economy; collaborative consumption; collaborative economy; systematic map; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Laurenti, R.; Singh, J.; Cotrim, J.M.; Toni, M.; Sinha, R. Characterizing the Sharing Economy State of the Research: A Systematic Map. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5729. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205729

AMA Style

Laurenti R, Singh J, Cotrim JM, Toni M, Sinha R. Characterizing the Sharing Economy State of the Research: A Systematic Map. Sustainability. 2019; 11(20):5729. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205729

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laurenti, Rafael; Singh, Jagdeep; Cotrim, Joao M.; Toni, Martina; Sinha, Rajib. 2019. "Characterizing the Sharing Economy State of the Research: A Systematic Map" Sustainability 11, no. 20: 5729. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205729

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