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Open AccessArticle

An Investigation of the Feasibility of the Organic Municipal Solid Waste Processing by Coking

1
Department of Oil and Gas Processing, Tyumen Industrial University, Volodarskogo str., 38, 625000 Tyumen, Russia
2
Department of Environmental Economics, Ural Federal University, Mira str., 19, 620002 Ekaterinburg, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 389; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020389
Received: 10 November 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Trends in Municipal Solid Waste Management)
In the context of transition to a circular economy, one of the strategic priorities is the development of technological innovations aimed at waste processing. In this study, the foundations have been developed for a low-temperature, environmentally safe method for efficient processing of organic municipal solid waste, which may be further applied for processing both municipal and industrial waste organics in order to obtain liquid products. The maximum yield of liquid products is ensured when conducting the coking of a mixture of organic waste with long residuum in the temperature range of 400–420 °C, with a heating rate of 5–70 °C/min, and with an optimal heating time to the coking temperature of 80 min. Recommendations on the use of the waste recycling products are given. The proposed process is consistent with the principles of circular economy and does not require external energy costs because the energy needed for the process is generated by burning the gas produced during the waste coking. The process does not produce emissions into the environment and, in combination with standard refining processes, can be used to obtain commercial petroleum products. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; organic municipal solid waste processing; coking process; processed products circular economy; organic municipal solid waste processing; coking process; processed products
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Paukov, A.; Magaril, R.; Magaril, E. An Investigation of the Feasibility of the Organic Municipal Solid Waste Processing by Coking. Sustainability 2019, 11, 389.

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