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Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 366; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020366

On the Road to Sustainability: Implementation of the 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in Poland

Faculty of Economics, Management and Tourism, Wrocław University of Economics, 3 Nowowiejska Street, 58-500 Jelenia Góra, Poland
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Received: 18 December 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
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Abstract

The purpose of the study is to determine the implementation status of the 2030 Agenda sustainable development goals (SDG) in Poland. The current situation in the country is characterized in the introduction, with particular emphasis on the socio-economic situation, economic growth, sustainable development, crucial strategic documents, development policies, non-governmental organizations and good governance. The next part of the article presents the selected for analyses indicators, which monitor the implementation of SDG at the national level (National SDG indicators). The study covers the period 2010–2016. In terms of the research methodology, the dynamic analysis methods were used, i.e., individual dynamics indexes (fixed-base and chain type). The average rate of particular phenomena changes over time was also determined. The data for calculations were retrieved from Statistics Poland resources. The article provides recommendations regarding the effective implementation of SDG in Poland in the years to come. The research results showed that the implementation status of SDG is satisfactory. In the case of 57 indicators out of the 73 analysed, the direction of expected changes was positive; thus the country remains on the right path towards sustainable development. Among the diagnosed problems the following can be listed: obesity, civilization diseases, lower income, government expenditure and R&D outlays in agriculture, fewer adults participating in education, gender pay gap, lower revenues from selling innovative products, unfavourable ratio of disposable income in rural areas against the city, unsatisfactory quality of the law-making, relatively low percentage of energy from renewable sources in transport and land requiring reclamation. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; 2030 Agenda; United Nations; Poland; Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), good governance; Strategy for Responsible Development; dynamics indicators; time series analysis; socio-economic development sustainable development; 2030 Agenda; United Nations; Poland; Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), good governance; Strategy for Responsible Development; dynamics indicators; time series analysis; socio-economic development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Raszkowski, A.; Bartniczak, B. On the Road to Sustainability: Implementation of the 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in Poland. Sustainability 2019, 11, 366.

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