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Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 311; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020311

The Impact of Archetype Patterns in Office Buildings on the Annual Cooling, Heating and Lighting Loads in Hot-Humid, Hot-Dry and Cold Climates of Iran

1
Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Shiraz University, Shiraz 718773-35, Iran
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7196481334, Iran
3
Chair of Building Technology and Climate Responsive Design, Technical University of Munich, Munich 80333, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 November 2018 / Revised: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 3 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
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Abstract

Extensive cost in the building industry comes from cooling and heating to create thermal comfort. Hence, it is necessary to utilize passive solutions, in addition to suitable design, in order to reduce energy consumption. This research attempts to investigate the impact of archetype patterns in office buildings on annual energy consumption for cooling, heating and daylight loads. For this purpose, the DesignBuilder software was used to compare the forms. In this study, four conventional construction forms were considered, including the single and dense form, central courtyard buildings, U form and linear form, and each was considered with two, four and six-stories. Forms were simulated in the three cities of Bushehr, Shiraz and Tabriz, with hot-humid, hot-dry and cold climates, respectively. The results revealed that the office building with a linear form in Bushehr had the lowest energy consumption in the two and four-story forms, and also in the six-story form, the central courtyard form had the lowest energy consumption. Additionally, the central courtyard forms in Tabriz and Shiraz had the lowest energy consumption in all cases. Finally, the linear form possessed the most natural daylight through all of the studied cases for the three cities in terms of natural light gain. View Full-Text
Keywords: form; archetype; office building; cooling load; heating load; daylight form; archetype; office building; cooling load; heating load; daylight
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Shaeri, J.; Yaghoubi, M.; Habibi, A.; Chokhachian, A. The Impact of Archetype Patterns in Office Buildings on the Annual Cooling, Heating and Lighting Loads in Hot-Humid, Hot-Dry and Cold Climates of Iran. Sustainability 2019, 11, 311.

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