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Article

The Effect of Biochar Used as Soil Amendment on Morphological Diversity of Collembola

1
Department of Plant Protection, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland
2
Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics, University of Agriculture in Kraków, 30-149 Kraków, Poland
3
Department of Geography and the Environment, Rio Conservation and Sustainability Science Centre, Pontifícia Universidade Católica, Rio de Janeiro 22453-900, Brazil
4
Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Production Automation, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, 45-271 Opole, Poland
5
Institute of Soil Sciences and Environmental Protection, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 53, 50-357 Wrocław, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5126; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185126
Received: 24 July 2019 / Revised: 13 September 2019 / Accepted: 15 September 2019 / Published: 19 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Production in Food and Agriculture Engineering)
Biochar was reported to improve the chemical and physical properties of soil. The use of biochar as a soil amendment have been found to improve the soil structure, increase the porosity, decrease bulk density, as well increase aggregation and water retention. Knowing that springtails (Collembola) are closely related to soil properties, the effect of biochar on morphological diversity of these organisms was evaluated. The main concept was the classification of springtails to the life-form groups and estimation of QBS-c index (biological quality index based on Collembola species). We conducted the field experiment where biochar was used as soil amendment in oilseed rape and maize crops. Wood-chip biochar from low-temperature (300 °C) flash pyrolysis was free from PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) and other toxic components. Results showed that all springtail life-form groups (epedaphic, hemiedaphic, and euedaphic) were positively affected after biochar application. The QBS-c index, which relates to springtails’ adaptation to living in the soil, was higher in treatments where biochar was applied. We can recommend the use of Collembola’s morphological diversity as a good tool for the bioindication of soil health. View Full-Text
Keywords: biochar; biological soil quality; Collembola life-form groups; QBS-c index biochar; biological soil quality; Collembola life-form groups; QBS-c index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gruss, I.; Twardowski, J.P.; Latawiec, A.; Królczyk, J.; Medyńska-Juraszek, A. The Effect of Biochar Used as Soil Amendment on Morphological Diversity of Collembola. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5126. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185126

AMA Style

Gruss I, Twardowski JP, Latawiec A, Królczyk J, Medyńska-Juraszek A. The Effect of Biochar Used as Soil Amendment on Morphological Diversity of Collembola. Sustainability. 2019; 11(18):5126. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185126

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gruss, Iwona, Jacek P. Twardowski, Agnieszka Latawiec, Jolanta Królczyk, and Agnieszka Medyńska-Juraszek. 2019. "The Effect of Biochar Used as Soil Amendment on Morphological Diversity of Collembola" Sustainability 11, no. 18: 5126. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185126

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