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Agricultural Sustainability: A Review of Concepts and Methods

1
Center for Research & Technology Hellas—CERTH, Institute for Bio-economy and Agri-technology—iBO, 10th km Thessalonikis—Thermis, BALKAN Center, BLDG D, 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, School of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Department of Engineering, Aarhus University, Finlandsgade 22, DK8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5120; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185120
Received: 21 August 2019 / Revised: 11 September 2019 / Accepted: 18 September 2019 / Published: 19 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green, Closed Loop, Circular Bio-Economy)
This paper presents a methodological framework for the systematic literature review of agricultural sustainability studies. The framework synthesizes all the available literature review criteria and introduces a two-level analysis facilitating systematization, data mining, and methodology analysis. The framework was implemented for the systematic literature review of 38 crop agricultural sustainability assessment studies at farm-level for the last decade. The investigation of the methodologies used is of particular importance since there are no standards or norms for the sustainability assessment of farming practices. The chronological analysis revealed that the scientific community’s interest in agricultural sustainability is increasing in the last three years. The most used methods include indicator-based tools, frameworks, and indexes, followed by multicriteria methods. In the reviewed studies, stakeholder participation is proved crucial in the determination of the level of sustainability. It should also be mentioned that combinational use of methodologies is often observed, thus a clear distinction of methodologies is not always possible. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural sustainability; sustainability assessment; review agricultural sustainability; sustainability assessment; review
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Lampridi, M.G.; Sørensen, C.G.; Bochtis, D. Agricultural Sustainability: A Review of Concepts and Methods. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5120.

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