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Open AccessArticle

Reading Habits, Socioeconomic Conditions, Occupational Aspiration and Academic Achievement in Vietnamese Junior High School Students

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Faculty of Pedagogy, University of Education, Vietnam National University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Basic, Vietnam Academy for Ethnic Minorities, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Mathematics, Thai Nguyen University of Education, Thai Nguyen 24000, Vietnam
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Duc Trong High School, Lam Dong 66000, Vietnam
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Sciences Po Paris, 75337 Paris, France
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School of Economics and International Business, Foreign Trade University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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National Centre for Sustainable Development of General Education Quality, Vietnam National Institute of Educational Sciences, 101 Tran Hung Dao street, Hoan Kiem district, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Hanoi Amsterdam High School for the Gifted, Hoang Minh Giam Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Oita 874-8577, Japan
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Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University, Ha Dong district, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
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Faculty of Economics and Finance, Phenikaa University, Ha Dong District, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
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Centre Emile Bernheim, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5113; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185113
Received: 26 August 2019 / Revised: 15 September 2019 / Accepted: 16 September 2019 / Published: 18 September 2019
Reading practices play an important role in the learning process of students. Especially in a fast-changing world where knowledge about nature and society is in a constant state of flux, book reading helps students foster skills such as thinking, valuing, adaptability and creativity for sustainable development. This research study used a dataset of 1676 observations of junior high school students from Northern Vietnam to explore students’ academic achievement and its association with their reading passion, family socio economic condition, parental education and occupational aspiration. The empirical results show that higher grades in STEM-related subjects are predicted by reading interest (βReadbook = 0.425, p < 0.0001), with students who love reading books achieve higher score than those who take no interest in books. Remarkably, the education level of the mother strongly enhances academic performance, with β = 0.721 (p < 0.0001) in cases of mother having a university diploma or higher. Students coming from wealthy families are more likely to buy books whereas borrowing from the library is the main source of books for students who grow up in not-rich families. However, even among wealthy families, investment into buying books still rely more on personal interest, despite the aforementioned educational benefits of book reading, as evidenced by an over 7 percentage point disparity between the likelihood of purchasing books among wealthy-family students who took an interest in reading (45%) versus students of the same background who did not like to read (38.7%). The results present implications for education policy making with a vision towards United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 4: Quality Education. View Full-Text
Keywords: junior high school students; STEM; reading practices; occupational aspiration; parental influence; socioeconomic background; academic achievement; Vietnam; quality education; sustainable development goal 4 junior high school students; STEM; reading practices; occupational aspiration; parental influence; socioeconomic background; academic achievement; Vietnam; quality education; sustainable development goal 4
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Le, T.-T.-H.; Tran, T.; Trinh, T.-P.-T.; Nguyen, C.-T.; Nguyen, T.-P.-T.; Vuong, T.-T.; Vu, T.-H.; Bui, D.-Q.; Vuong, H.-M.; Hoang, P.-H.; Nguyen, M.-H.; Ho, M.-T.; Vuong, Q.-H. Reading Habits, Socioeconomic Conditions, Occupational Aspiration and Academic Achievement in Vietnamese Junior High School Students. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5113.

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