Next Article in Journal
Passive Design Strategies for Residential Buildings in Different Spanish Climate Zones
Next Article in Special Issue
Research Series Review for Transdisciplinarity Assessment—Validation with Sustainable Consumption and Production Research
Previous Article in Journal
An Urban System Optimization Model Based on CO2 Sequestration Index: A Big Data Analytics Approach
Previous Article in Special Issue
Configuring New Business Models for Circular Economy through Product–Service Systems
Article

Is Prolonging the Lifetime of Passive Durable Products a Low-Hanging Fruit of a Circular Economy? A Multiple Case Study

1
Division of Environmental System Analysis, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
2
CIRAIG, Department of Chemical Engineering, École Polytechnique de Montréal, P.O. Box 6079, Succ, Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3A7, Canada
3
Division of Environmental Technology Management, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 4819; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184819
Received: 8 August 2019 / Revised: 31 August 2019 / Accepted: 1 September 2019 / Published: 4 September 2019
Extending the lifetime of passive products, i.e., products that do not consume materials or energy during the use phase, by implementing product-service systems (PSS) has a potential to reduce the environmental impact while being an attractive and straightforward measure for companies to implement. This research assesses the viability of introducing PSS for passive products, by documenting five real product cases of prolonging the lifetime through repair or refurbishment and by quantifying, through life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle costing (LCC), the change in environmental and economic outcome. The environmental impact (measured as global warming potential over the life cycle) was reduced for all cases because extraction and production dominated the impact. This reduction was 45–72% for most cases and mainly influenced by the number of reuses and the relative environmental burden of the components whose lifetime was prolonged. The costs for the company (measured as LCC from the manufacturer’s perspective) decreased too by 8–37%. The main reason that costs reduced less than the environmental impact is that some costs have no equivalent in LCA, e.g., administration and labor costs for services. The decreases in both LCA and LCC results, as well as the willingness of the companies to implement the changes, demonstrate that this measure can be financially attractive for companies to implement and effectively contribute to a circular economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle assessment; life cycle costing; resource efficiency; circular economy; product-service system; refurbishment; repair life cycle assessment; life cycle costing; resource efficiency; circular economy; product-service system; refurbishment; repair
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Kaddoura, M.; Kambanou, M.L.; Tillman, A.-M.; Sakao, T. Is Prolonging the Lifetime of Passive Durable Products a Low-Hanging Fruit of a Circular Economy? A Multiple Case Study. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4819. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184819

AMA Style

Kaddoura M, Kambanou ML, Tillman A-M, Sakao T. Is Prolonging the Lifetime of Passive Durable Products a Low-Hanging Fruit of a Circular Economy? A Multiple Case Study. Sustainability. 2019; 11(18):4819. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184819

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kaddoura, Mohamad, Marianna L. Kambanou, Anne-Marie Tillman, and Tomohiko Sakao. 2019. "Is Prolonging the Lifetime of Passive Durable Products a Low-Hanging Fruit of a Circular Economy? A Multiple Case Study" Sustainability 11, no. 18: 4819. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184819

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop