Next Article in Journal
Modeling the Spatial Formation Mechanism of Poverty-Stricken Counties in China by Using Geographical Detector
Previous Article in Journal
Point Cloud-Oriented Inspection of Old Street’s Sustainable Transformation from the Ceramic Industry to Cultural Tourism: A Case Study of Yingge, a Ceramic Town in Taiwan
Open AccessArticle

The Potential of Biomethane in Replacing Fossil Fuels in Heavy Transport—A Case Study on Finland

1
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Tampere University, Korkeakoulunkatu 8, 33720 Tampere, Finland
2
MAB Powertec Oy, Finlaysoninkatu 7, 33210 Tampere, Finland
3
Faculty of Management and Business, Tampere University, Kanslerinrinne 1, 33100 Tampere, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4750; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174750
Received: 10 July 2019 / Revised: 24 August 2019 / Accepted: 25 August 2019 / Published: 30 August 2019
Electrification is a frequently discussed solution for reducing transport related carbon dioxide emissions. However, transport sectors such as aviation and heavy-duty vehicles remain dependent on on-board fuels. Here, biomethane is still a little exploited solution, and the case of heavy-duty vehicles is particularly underappreciated despite the recent technical advances and potentially notable emission reductions. This paper discusses the potential of biomethane in heavy-duty road transport in the case of Finland, where the utilization rate is low compared to the technical potential. To this end, the potential of biomethane production through both anaerobic digestion and gasification was calculated in three scenarios for the heavy-duty transport fleet, based on the literature values of biomethane potential and truck class fuel consumption. The authors find that approximately half of the heavy-duty transport in Finland could be biomethane fueled by 2030. The estimated production costs for biomethane (81–190 €/MWh) would be competitive with the current consumer diesel price (152 €/MWh). Utilizing the total biomethane potential in heavy-duty transport would furthermore decrease the respective carbon dioxide emissions by 50%. To accelerate the transition in the heavy-duty transport sector, a more comprehensive political framework is needed, taking into account both production and consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable transport fuels; biomethane; carbon emission reduction; heavy-duty transport; transition; Finland; anaerobic digestion; wood gasification renewable transport fuels; biomethane; carbon emission reduction; heavy-duty transport; transition; Finland; anaerobic digestion; wood gasification
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pääkkönen, A.; Aro, K.; Aalto, P.; Konttinen, J.; Kojo, M. The Potential of Biomethane in Replacing Fossil Fuels in Heavy Transport—A Case Study on Finland. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4750. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174750

AMA Style

Pääkkönen A, Aro K, Aalto P, Konttinen J, Kojo M. The Potential of Biomethane in Replacing Fossil Fuels in Heavy Transport—A Case Study on Finland. Sustainability. 2019; 11(17):4750. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174750

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pääkkönen, Anna; Aro, Kalle; Aalto, Pami; Konttinen, Jukka; Kojo, Matti. 2019. "The Potential of Biomethane in Replacing Fossil Fuels in Heavy Transport—A Case Study on Finland" Sustainability 11, no. 17: 4750. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174750

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop