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Open AccessArticle

Evaluating Citizen Satisfaction and Prioritizing Their Needs Based on Citizens’ Complaint Data

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GIS Division, Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran 19967-15433, Iran
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Centre for Advanced Modelling and Geospatial Information Systems (CAMGIS), Faculty of Engineering and IT, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
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Department of Energy and Mineral Resources Engineering, Sejong University, Choongmu-gwan, 209 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05006, Korea
4
Division of Science Education, Kangwon National University, 1 Kangwondaehak-gil, Chuncheon-si 24341, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4595; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174595
Received: 21 July 2019 / Revised: 19 August 2019 / Accepted: 19 August 2019 / Published: 23 August 2019
Citizen Relationship Management (CiRM) is one of the important matters in citizen-centric e-government. In fact, the most important purpose of e-government is to satisfy citizens. The ‘137 system’ is one of the most important ones based on the citizen-centric that is a municipality phone based request/response system. The aim of this research is a data-mining of a ‘137 system’ (citizens’ complaint system) of the first district of Bojnourd municipality in Iran, to prioritize the urban needs and to estimate citizens’ satisfaction. To reach this, the K-means and Bees Algorithms (BA) were used. Each of these two algorithms was executed using two different methods. In the first method, prioritization and estimation of satisfaction were done separately, whereas in the second method, prioritization and estimation of satisfaction were done simultaneously. To compare the clustering results in the two methods, an index was presented quantitatively. The results showed the superiority of the second method. The index of the second method for the first needs in K-means was 0.299 more than the first method and it was the same in two methods in BA. Also, the results of the BA clustering were better at it because of the S (silhouette) and CH (Calinski-Harabasz) indexes. Considering the final prioritization done by the two algorithms in two methods, the primary needs included asphalt, so specific schemes should be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: citizen relationship management; e-government; clustering; K-means; bees algorithm; GIS citizen relationship management; e-government; clustering; K-means; bees algorithm; GIS
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Ghodousi, M.; Alesheikh, A.A.; Saeidian, B.; Pradhan, B.; Lee, C.-W. Evaluating Citizen Satisfaction and Prioritizing Their Needs Based on Citizens’ Complaint Data. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4595.

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