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Open AccessArticle

Use of Intensity Analysis to Characterize Land Use/Cover Change in the Biggest Island of Persian Gulf, Qeshm Island, Iran

1
Coastal and Ocean Management Institute, College of Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China
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Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Zakho P.O. Box 12, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
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Department of Arid and Mountainous Regions Reclamation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj 31587-77871, Iran
4
Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4396; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164396
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
In this study, land use/cover change was systematically investigated in the Qeshm Island to understand how human and nature interact in the largest island of Persian Gulf. Land-use maps were prepared for 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014 using Landsat satellite imagery in six classes including agriculture, bare-land, built-up, dense-vegetation, mangrove, and water-body, and then dynamic of changes in the classes was evaluated using intensity analysis at three levels: interval, category, and transition. Results illustrated that, while the land changes were fast over the first and third time intervals (1996–2002 and 2008–2014), the trend of changes was slow in the second period (2002–2008). Driven by high demand for construction and population growth, the built-up class was identified as an active gainer in all the three time intervals. The class of bare-land was the main supplier of the land for other classes especially for built-up area, while built-up did not act as the active supplier of the land for other classes. The dense-vegetation class was active in all three time intervals. As for the mangrove class, drought and cutting by residents had negative effects, while setting up protected areas can effectively maintain this valuable ecosystem. High demands were observed for land change in relation to built-up and agriculture classes among other classes. The findings of this study can advance our understanding of the relationship and behavior of land use/cover classes among each other over 18 years in a coastal island with arid climate. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use/cover change (LUCC), intensity analysis; Qeshm Island; Persian Gulf land use/cover change (LUCC), intensity analysis; Qeshm Island; Persian Gulf
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Kourosh Niya, A.; Huang, J.; Karimi, H.; Keshtkar, H.; Naimi, B. Use of Intensity Analysis to Characterize Land Use/Cover Change in the Biggest Island of Persian Gulf, Qeshm Island, Iran. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4396.

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Sustainability, EISSN 2071-1050, Published by MDPI AG
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