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Open AccessArticle

Sustainable Production in a Circular Economy: A Business Model for Re-Distributed Manufacturing

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Surrey Business School, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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The Manufacturing Department, Cranfield University, Bedford MK43 0AL, UK
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Business School, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4PU, UK
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Department of Automatic Control & Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4291; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164291
Received: 5 June 2019 / Revised: 23 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
The emergence of new technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data, and advanced robotics, together with risks such as climate change, rising labour costs, and a fluctuating economy, are challenging the current UK manufacturing model. In this paper, business models for re-distributed manufacture (RdM) are developed using anIDEF (Icam DEFinition for Function Modelling) description to serve as a guide for the implementation of the RdM concept in the consumer goods industry. This paper explores the viability of a re-distributed business model for manufacturers employing new manufacturing technologies such as additive manufacturing or three-dimensional (3D) printing, as part of a sustainable and circular production and consumption system. An As-Is value chain model is presented alongside the proposed new business model for a sustainable re-distributed manufacturing system. Both are illustrated via a case study drawn from the shoe manufacturing industry. The case study shows that there is a need for robust facilities in close proximity to the customer. These facilities are store fronts which can also manufacture, remanufacture, and provide services. The reduction in transportation and increase in customer involvement throughout the process are the main benefits that would accrue if a re-distributed model is implemented in the given industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: business model; re-distributed manufacturing; circular production; 3D printing; Industry 4.0 business model; re-distributed manufacturing; circular production; 3D printing; Industry 4.0
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Turner, C.; Moreno, M.; Mondini, L.; Salonitis, K.; Charnley, F.; Tiwari, A.; Hutabarat, W. Sustainable Production in a Circular Economy: A Business Model for Re-Distributed Manufacturing. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4291.

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