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Sustainability in Universities: DEA-GreenMetric

Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia 46022, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3766;
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 5 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Promoting Sustainability in Higher Education)
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Many universities are currently doing important work not only on environmental issues, but also on social and economic matters, thereby covering the three dimensions of sustainability. This paper used data envelopment analysis to construct a synthetic indicator based on the variables that make up the UI GreenMetric. The aim was to quantify the contribution of universities to sustainability, rank all campuses accordingly, and evaluate specific aspects of their related institutional policies. First, cluster analysis was applied, yielding four homogeneous groups of universities. DEA was then applied to these clusters in order to construct the synthetic indicator. The proposed indicator, DEA-GreenMetric, revealed that the USA and the UK were the countries that were home to the greatest number of universities actively involved in all aspects of sustainability. In addition, this new index provides a complete ranking of universities, circumventing the issue of the duplicate scores assigned by UI GreenMetric. Finally, it can be seen that greater efforts are required for universities to improve their performance relating to environmental variables (energy, water use, and waste treatment) than to make improvements in infrastructure, transport, or education. View Full-Text
Keywords: universities; sustainability; GreenMetric universities; sustainability; GreenMetric

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Puertas, R.; Marti, L. Sustainability in Universities: DEA-GreenMetric. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3766.

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