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Sustainability Assessment of Agricultural Systems in Paraguay: A Comparative Study Using FAO’s SAFA Framework

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, della Vita e della Sostenibilità Ambientale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze, 11/A, 43124 Parma (PR), Italy
2
Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Campus Universitario, Avda. Mariscal López, km 10, San Lorenzo 2160, Paraguay
3
Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Aziendali, Università degli Studi di Parma, Via Kennedy, 6, 43125 Parma (PR), Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(13), 3745; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133745
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 29 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
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Abstract

Sustainability is a topic that is at the center of current discussions in the political, economic, social, and environmental fields. For its analysis, an integral and multidisciplinary vision is needed. This work aims to assess the sustainability of agricultural systems in Paraguay through a comparison applying SAFA (Sustainability Assessment of Food and Agriculture Systems) indicators. The research focuses on 15 case studies on the territory of the Eastern Region of Paraguay divided into five classes of agricultural systems: agribusiness, conventional peasant family farming, agroecological peasant family farming, neo-rural farming, and indigenous agriculture. Data were collected through interviews with producers and key informants, direct observation, and scientific literature research in order to assess, through the SAFA Tool Software, the level of sustainability of each agricultural system as a whole and for each sustainability dimension (political, environmental, economic, and social dimension) in a comparative way. It has emerged that producers belonging to conventional peasant family farming, agroecological peasant family farming, neo-rural farming, and indigenous agriculture have achieved levels of sustainability that are similar to each other and very good in all four dimensions of sustainability. Meanwhile, agribusiness achieved moderate scores in the dimensions of governance and environmental integrity, and was good in the economic and social dimension. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; agricultural systems in Paraguay; FAO’s SAFA framework sustainability; agricultural systems in Paraguay; FAO’s SAFA framework
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Soldi, A.; Aparicio Meza, M.J.; Guareschi, M.; Donati, M.; Insfrán Ortiz, A. Sustainability Assessment of Agricultural Systems in Paraguay: A Comparative Study Using FAO’s SAFA Framework. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3745.

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