Next Article in Journal
Soil Gaseous Emissions and Partial C and N Balances of Small-Scale Farmer Fields in a River Oasis of Western Mongolia
Previous Article in Journal
Supporting Employability by a Skills Assessment Innovative Tool—Sustainable Transnational Insights from Employers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Saline and Deficit Irrigation on Soil-Plant Water Status and Potato Crop Yield under the Semiarid Climate of Tunisia
Open AccessArticle

Exploring Potential Soil Bacteria for Sustainable Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production

Department of Soil Science and Soil Water Conservation, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan
ACCC (Agricultural Culture Collection of China), Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Department of Horticulture, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan
Department of Agronomy, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA
Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 90183 Umeå, Sweden
Department of Biological Sciences, Islamic International University Islamabad, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3361;
Received: 19 April 2019 / Revised: 12 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 June 2019 / Published: 18 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Crop Production Systems)
The application of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) could allow growers to reduce the use of synthetic fertilizers and increase the sustainability of crop production. Wheat is the main staple food crop of Pakistan, and few studies have reported on the impact of PGPR on wheat crops. To determine if PGPR can maintain wheat productivity with reduced fertilizer applications, we isolated bacteria from the rhizosphere of wheat grown in sandy loam. We selected 10 strains based on in vitro assays for traits associated with PGPR: ACC deaminase activity, siderophore productivity, P-solubilization, and productivity of indole acetic acid (IAA). Furthermore, the strains were tested in three experiments (using a growth-chamber, pots with an experimental area of 0.05 m2, and a field). Strains that possessed the four traits associated with PGPR increased the shoot length, root length, and fresh and dry weight of plants in the growth chamber study. Similarly, under the pot trial, maximum crop traits were observed under the consortium + half dose, while under field conditions maximum crop parameters were detected in the case of consortium 1 and consortium 2 along with half the recommended dose of fertilizer. This confirms that this consortium could provide growers with a sustainable approach to reduce synthetic fertilizer usage in wheat production. View Full-Text
Keywords: inoculation; PGPR; soil bacteria; wheat inoculation; PGPR; soil bacteria; wheat
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Sheirdil, R.A.; Hayat, R.; Zhang, X.-X.; Abbasi, N.A.; Ali, S.; Ahmed, M.; Khattak, J.Z.K.; Ahmad, S. Exploring Potential Soil Bacteria for Sustainable Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3361.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop