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Regional Sustainability, Individual Expectations and Work Motivation: A Multilevel Analysis

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Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romana Square, 15-17 Dorobanți St., Sector 1, 010552 Bucharest, Romania
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Labour Market Policies Department, National Scientific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection, 6-8, Povernei Street, 010643 Bucharest, Romania
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Institute for the Study of Labor IZA, Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 5-9, Bonn, Germany
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Department of Economics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romana Square, 15-17 Dorobanți St., Sector 1, 010552 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3331; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123331
Received: 25 April 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 13 June 2019 / Published: 16 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
In the context of the recent labor shortages in Eastern European countries, Romania included, companies, organizations and decision makers need to strongly address the issue of labor motivation for increasing worker performance and also for attracting the scarce labor resources. The main goal of the research is to explore new determinants of work motivation, such as regional sustainability and also individual factors related to individual expectations. Therefore, the responsive methodology used for this purpose implies a multilevel econometric modelling, in which the first level regards individuals, and the second one consists in development regions. Moreover, the role of individual factors is tested using Vroom’s theory of expectations and filling a gap in the existing literature on work motivation in developing, post-communist economies. The main findings prove that one dimension of sustainability, namely social sustainability has a significant impact on work motivation, alongside with four dimensions of individual factors. Economic and environmental sustainability have no significant impact on work motivation in the case of Romanian workers. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; regional development; work motivation; labor market; multilevel analysis; Romania sustainability; regional development; work motivation; labor market; multilevel analysis; Romania
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MDPI and ACS Style

Davidescu, A.A.M.; Roman, M.; Strat, V.A.; Mosora, M. Regional Sustainability, Individual Expectations and Work Motivation: A Multilevel Analysis. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3331. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123331

AMA Style

Davidescu AAM, Roman M, Strat VA, Mosora M. Regional Sustainability, Individual Expectations and Work Motivation: A Multilevel Analysis. Sustainability. 2019; 11(12):3331. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123331

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davidescu, Adriana A.M., Monica Roman, Vasile A. Strat, and Mihaela Mosora. 2019. "Regional Sustainability, Individual Expectations and Work Motivation: A Multilevel Analysis" Sustainability 11, no. 12: 3331. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123331

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